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Allah calls Himself As-Samad— The Eternal, Satisfier of Needs, the Refuge and Absolute— on one occasion in the Quran. As-Samad is the unchangeable one on whom the entire creation depends. He is the one unaffected by any circumstance and the only one able to fulfil all needs in the most perfect way, without Himself being in need of anything or anyone!
The Eternal, Everlasting Refuge, Satisfier of All Needs Samad comes from the root saad-meem-daal, which points to two main meanings. The first main meaning is to reach or attain, or to aim toward something. The second main meaning is to turn to and to need, and the third is to remain unchanged and unaffected. The fourth main meaning is to be everlasting and eternal.
This root appears just once in the Quran, as the noun samad. The example is al-samadu (“The Eternal, Absolute”). samad means something that is not affected by circumstances or something that is solid. Sumood refers to the concept of being firm and steadfast. As-Samad is the the One who is not changed nor affected by anything in the creation, He is the eternal and absolute refuge to seek and depend on for all needs and desires. As-Samad Himself says: Say, ‘He is Allah , [who is] One, Allah , the Eternal Refuge. He neither begets nor is born, nor is there to Him any equivalent.’ [Quran, 112:1-4]
Imam Ahmad recorded from Ubayy bin Ka`b that the idolators said to the Prophet , “O Muhammad! Tell us the lineage of your Lord.” So Allah revealed
﴿قُلْ هُوَ اللَّهُ أَحَدٌ – اللَّهُ الصَّمَدُ –
(1. Say: “He is Allah”) (2. “One”.) (3. “He begets not, nor was He begotten”.) (4. “And there is non comparable to Him.”) Similar was recorded by At-Tirmidhi and Ibn Jarir and they added in their narration that he said,
(As-Samad) is One Who does not give birth, nor was He born, because there is nothing that is born except that it will die, and there is nothing that dies except that it leaves behind inheritance, and indeed Allah does not die and He does not leave behind any inheritance.
(And there is none comparable to Him.) This means that there is none similar to Him, none equal to Him and there is nothing at all like Him.” Ibn Abi Hatim also recorded it and At-Tirmidhi mentioned it as a Mursal narration. Then At-Tirmidhi said, “And this is the most correct.”
Allah (the Exalted) is the One Who is perfect and Self-Sufficient, Whom all creatures need. Ibn Katheer mentioned: ‘Ikrimah reported that Ibn ‘Abbas said, “This means the One Who all of the creation depends upon for their needs and their requests.” ‘Ali ibn Abi Talhah reported from Ibn ‘Abbas, “He is the Master Who is perfect in His sovereignty, the Most Noble Who is perfect in His nobility, the Most Magnificent Who is perfect in His magnificence, the Most Forbearing Who is perfect in His forbearance, the All-Knowing Who is perfect in His knowledge, and the Most Wise Who is perfect in His wisdom. He is the One Who is perfect in all aspects of nobility and authority. He is Allah, glory be unto Him. These attributes are not befitting anyone other than Him. He has no coequal and nothing is like Him…As- Samad is the Master Whose control is complete.”
He also mentions that: As-Samad is the One Who does not give birth, nor was He born, because there is nothing that is born except that it will die, and there is nothing that dies except that it leaves behind inheritance, and indeed Allah does not die and He does not leave behind any inheritance. Abu Hurayrah (RA) narrated that the Messenger of Allah (S) related: «Allah (the Exalted) said: I am so self-sufficient that I am in no need of having an associate. Thus he who does an action for someone else’s sake as well as Mine will have that action renounced by Me to him whom he associated with Me.» (Muslim and Ibn Mâjah)
Knowing that Allah (the Exalted) is the Self-Sufficient Master brings awe and humbleness to the hearts of His servants. Their hearts long for the meeting with Allah, the great and self-sufficient One. Their actions are humble toward Allah (the Exalted) in obedience and submission at the recognition of their own weakness and neediness.
Excerpt: As-Samad [112:2] The Self-Sufficient
He is the One upon Whom the whole of creation relies upon in all of their needs, predicaments, and necessities. This is due to His unrestricted perfection with regards to His Essence, His Names, His Attributes and His Actions. This Name comprises many magnificent and great Attributes of Allah, worthy of All Praise. The Majestic, Most Powerful, The Master Who is perfect in His Mastery, the One Who is qualified with perfect Honor, the Great One Who is perfect in His Greatness, Al Haleem, Who is perfect in His clemency and Forbearance, Al Ghaniyy, Who is perfect in being absolutely free from all wants, the Omnipotent, Who is perfect in His Omnipotence, the All Knowing, Who is perfect in His knowledge, the All Wise, who is perfect in His Wisdom.
He is the One Who is Perfect in all types of nobility and greatness; He is Allah, far removed from every imperfection or basement, the Most High, Who is above everything, the Everlasting, Who does not perish, He begets not nor was He begotten, the Only, the One who has no fear. He neither eats nor drinks, the One Whom all creatures seek in their needs, and He Alone Has these qualities, for they do not apply to anyone else except Him.
He is the One upon Whom the whole of creation relies upon in all of their needs, predicaments and necessities. This due to His unrestricted perfection with regards to His Essence, His Names, His Attributes and His Actions.
“Say: He is Allaah the One. Allaah the Self-Sufficient.” (112:1-2)
Purchase the book: Explanation to the Beautiful and Perfect Names of Allah by Sheik Abu ‘Abdur-Rahman Nasir as-Sa’di
Dua after the last tashahhud and before salaam #9
O Allah, I ask You O Allah, as You are The One, The Only, As-Samad, The One who begets not, nor was He begotten and there is none like unto Him, that You forgive me my sins for verily You are The Oft-Forgiving, Most-Merciful. Note: As-Samad means the Self-Sufficient Master, Possessor of perfect attributes whom all of creation turn to in all their needs. …more.
Audio – Listen to this Duaa:
Dua after the last tashahhud and before salaam #11
O Allah, I ask You, as I bear witness that You are Allah, none has the right to be worshipped except You, The One, As-Samad, Who begets not nor was He begotten and there is none like unto Him. Note: As-Samad means the Self-Sufficient Master, Possessor of perfect attributes whom all of creation turn to in all their needs. …more.
Audio – Listen to this Duaa:
Other Duaas using this Name: Here
99 NAMES RESOURCES for KIDS
From CREATIVE MOTIVATIONS:
1. TARIQ TEACHES: Allah’s 99 Names!
Let your child follow along with Tariq the Tiger as he teaches Allah’s 99 Names in fun, simple, child-friendly format. Includes fun printable badges, coloring sheets, and much more! Learn more about the “Tariq Teaches” program here. The complete program is still in production, however, we are posting as materials become available, so be sure to subscribe to receive updates!
A Creative Motivations exclusive, this bright and eye-catching dry-erase chart is designed to create excitement and mindfulness at the approaching of Ramadan, insha’Allah! The chart can be downloaded (free of charge) for participants in the Annual 99 Names Project! You may also purchase the dry-erase version to be used year after year.
From IMAN’S HOMESCHOOL:
Iman’s Homeschool was wonderful enough to participate in the FIRST annual 99 Names Project and created these fabulous downloadable worksheets to go along with the program. There are these educational worksheets, as well as fun coloring sheets for younger children, and various lesson plans, lapbooks, and other resources ideal for homeschooling parents. Just visit her blog to find more resources
Worksheets for Kids from Iman’s Home-School: As-Samad
Worksheet Available Here: As-Samad
Coloring Sheets Available Here: As-Samad
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Read the entire post at: http://creative-motivations.com/day-39-as-samad